Does the listening skill alone develop the speaking and comprehension skills?
If active listening indeed develops speaking and if “active listening also enables us to comprehend better”, how does one explain the students in English-speaking countries performing badly in the PISA Reading Tests every time they are held? Shouldn’t students from English-speaking countries dominate the top 5 spots in the PISA Reading Tests every time they are held as they listen to English being spoken in their environment twenty-four hours of the day?
This is proof that one needs more than just the listening skill to comprehend better.
Language involves all the four skills.
If “listening to the English language so as to teach oneself” is the only criterion, it definitely doesn’t work in a foreigner’s environment as he is used to listening only his mother tongue being spoken all the time. A foreigner can never ever learn the grammar, words and the proper pronunciation of words of another language other than his mother tongue through the listening skill ALONE. He must be taught L2 in all the four skills in a methodical manner outlining its different facets.
Even a native speaker of a language must read to improve his reading skills in his said language. He doesn’t just depend on his listening skills to improve his reading skills. If that were the case, why can’t the native speakers in English-speaking countries score in the PISA Reading Tests? The answer is very simple – they don’t read texts in the English language to improve their comprehension skill and they are not taught the Reading Skill by their teachers, specifically. Hence, their comprehension skill doesn’t develop in the process.
So, grammar, reading, sentence structures, vocabulary, writing, speaking, listening, etc. need to be taught independently to show the learner the difference.
Theories of teaching and learning English are aplenty. Their APPLICATION and SUCCESS in the real and practical environments around the world show their real suitability among learners, native speakers as well as foreigners, in the teaching and learning fields.